Annebelle's Auto Parts Blogs, Tips and Research

Practical Care Tips for Electric Vehicle (EV) Batteries

by آیلین حیدری

A few decades ago, electric cars were simply experimental projects for vehicle companies. However, EVs are a reality today, and as people become more eco-conscious, the demand for electric cars continues to soar. Like gas-powered vehicles, the battery on EVs is perhaps one of the most critical components because it supplies electricity for virtually every function. Thus, EV owners must take good care of their batteries for optimal performance and longevity. Here are critical tips for maintaining an electric auto battery.

Charge to 100% Occasionally 

There is nothing wrong with filling your gas-powered vehicle with fuel if you want to because it is economical and prevents your car from running on fumes at certain times. However, when you transition to EV, you might want to hold back on charging the battery to 100% capacity every time you leave your house. EV manufacturers argue that maintaining an EV at full charge is counterproductive because it degrades the battery. Thus, it is advisable to find the sweet spot for your battery to achieve extended service life. Ideally, EV manufacturers recommend that motorists should keep the battery charge between 80% and 50%. The good news is that modern EVs have a battery management system that allows you to set the limits. For instance, if you only use 30% of the battery charge every day, you can set the maximum charge limit at 80% and only plug your car in a charger if it drops below 40%. Thus, the only time you should charge a battery to 100% is during the occasional long road trip.

Minimise Fast Charging 

Fast-charging technology has significantly improved, as seen in the smartphone industry. EV service providers have emulated the technology since it allows drivers to charge their vehicles quickly. Consequently, EV service providers continue to install charging stations with fast-charging capabilities for customers' convenience. Although you can get away with fast charging an EV battery occasionally, do not make it a habit. Constantly plugging your EV's battery into a fast charger speeds its degradation, affecting overall performance down the road. Therefore, you should only use the fast-charging option during emergencies. Otherwise, stick with a slow charger and enjoy extended service life.

Always Plug-In Charger When Parked 

Extreme low temperatures adversely affect an EV's battery, but you still find owners parking their vehicles unplugged. However, the battery gets cold and requires more time to charge when you plug it in a charger. Unfortunately, the longer you charge a battery, the faster it degrades. Therefore, you should always plug the charger into your EV during winter. It allows an EV's thermal management system to keep the battery warm and safe.